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Scientific Name
Clemmys muhlenbergii

Conservation Status
Endangered

Where to see them
World of Reptiles

Fun Facts

Bog turtles occupy one of Georgia’s rarest ecosystems, with habitat located in only a few hundred isolated pockets of the state.

Bog turtles hibernate in winter, often using the same mud burrows year after year.

The turtles may defend their territories, although home territory size rarely exceeds a four-foot area.
 

Bog Turtle

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Size
Bog turtles are among the world’s smallest turtle species. Adult carapaces measure 3 to 4.5 inches.

Range
Eastern U.S.

Habitat
bogs, marshlands, swamps

Lifestyle
Bog turtles are active primarily during the day. The turtles are less active in hot weather but are frequently found basking in cooler temperatures.

Food
Bog turtles are omnivores, feeding on a variety of small invertebrates and plant matter.

Life Cycle
Bog turtles mate in spring and nest in summer, with females typically laying a clutch of one to six eggs a year. Beyond nesting, there is no parental care. Hatchlings grow quickly but may not reach sexual maturity until they are 10 years old.

Some of My Neighbors (IN THE WILD)
Salamanders, tadpoles, frogs, insects

Population Status & Threats
Bog turtles have many natural predators, but the biggest threat to their survival is the fragile nature of their vanishing ecosystem. Populations have also been negatively affected by the pet trade, although the species is now legally protected.

Zoo Atlanta Conservation Efforts
In an interesting illustration of the interconnectedness of living things within an ecosystem, the Zoo Atlanta Horticulture Department helps to protect bog turtles by working to protect native plants. Zoo staff assists in state-run initiatives to locate and restore mountain bogs in Georgia.